Tax Credits for Working Families

States with EITCs

Please use our 50-State Resource Map for the latest news, research and policy developments.

State Year Enacted Refundable? Percentage of Federal EITC Notes
Colorado 1999, 2013 Yes 10 percent In May 2013, a permanent Colorado EITC was enacted, contingent upon state revenues reaching the level specified in the legislation and likely to be reached in 2015.
Connecticut 2011 Yes 25 percent in tax year 2013, 27.5 percent in tax year 2014, and 30 percent thereafter

In order to resolve a state budget gap, in 2013 the governor proposed and the legislature approved temporarily reducing the new state EITC from 30 percent to 25 percent in 2013 and 27.5 percent in 2014. It should revert to 30 percent in 2015.

Delaware 2005 No 20 percent
District of Columbia 2000 Yes 40 percent The DC EITC was expanded from 35 percent to 40 percent in the 2008 budget bill.
Illinois 2000 Yes 10 percent On January 10, 2012, Gov. Pat Quinn signed into law a bill to increase the Illinois EITC from 7.5 to 10 percent of the federal credit, beginning January 1, 2013.
Indiana 1999 Yes 9 percent The state EITC was increased from 6 to 9 percent effective tax year 2009. E12.
Iowa 1989 Yes 14 percent

The credit became refundable in tax year 2007. In 2013, as part of a larger tax bill, the EITC was doubled to 14 percent from 7 percent for tax year 2013, and will increase to 15 percent in tax year 2014.

Kansas 1998 Yes 17 percent During the 2007 legislative session, the Kansas Legislature increased the EITC to 17 percent of the federal EITC. In 2010, the legislature offset a temporary increase in the sales tax with a temporary increase in the EITC through 2012 from 17 to 18 percent of the federal credit. The legislature considered reducing the value of the EITC or eliminating refundabilty in 2012 and 2013, but in both years the credit was left intact.
Louisiana 2007 Yes 3.5 percent In 2013 the governor proposed eliminating the state income tax, and replacing the state EITC with a similar credit, but the legislature rejected the proposal.
Maine 2000 No 5 percent In 2009, the Maine legislature passed a tax reform package that made the state’s EITC partially refundable. In June 2010, that package was vetoed by voters and the expansion of the EITC did not take effect. In 2013, the legislature passed a bill to increase the EITC to 10 percent, but it was held up for lack of funding.
Maryland 1987 Yes Refundable EITC – 25 percent; 
Non-refundable – 50 percent
In 2007 the refundable credit increased from 20 to 25 percent and expanded eligibility to include filers without qualifying children. In April 2014 the Maryland legislature passed a bill to increase the state EITC to 28 percent of the federal credit over four years, which the governor is expected to sign into law.
Massachusetts 1997 Yes 15 percent
Michigan 2006 Yes 6 percent Gov. Rick Snyder proposed to completely eliminate EITC in April, 2011, but the proposal did not become law. EITC rate dropped from 20 percent to 6 percent of the federal EITC after December 31, 2011.
Minnesota 1991 Yes Calculated as a percentage of income (ranges from 25 to 45 percent of federal) In 2013 the state conformed the Working Families Credit to federal improvements reducing marriage penalties starting in tax year 2013, and it increased the maximum credit starting in tax year 2014. These two improvements together represent about a 25 percent increase in the Working Family Credit.
Nebraska 2006 Yes 10 percent

In 2013 the governor proposed eliminating the state income tax, which would have eliminated the EITC, but the legislature rejected his proposal.

New Jersey 2000 Yes 20 percent In June 2010, Gov. Chris Christie reduced the EITC from 25 to 20 percent. In 2011, Christie line-item vetoed restoration of the credit to 25 percent. In January 2012, Christie pledged to restore the EITC to its previous rate, contingent on a 10 percent cut to income tax rates. When the state legislature passed a bill to restore the EITC without the tax cut the governor wanted, he vetoed the bill. In February 2013, Gov. Christie again vetoed a bill to fully restore the EITC to 25 percent of the federal credit and negotiated a final deal with the legislature that did not include any improvement to the credit.
New Mexico 2007 Yes 10 percent Increased from 8 percent to 10 percent in 2008
New York 1994 Yes 30 percent
Ohio 2013 No 5 percent, limited to 50 percent of liability for Ohio Taxable Income above $20,000 In June 2013, Republican lawmakers reached a budget deal that includes the creation of a nonrefundable state EITC at 5 percent of the federal credit and limited to 50 percent of liability for Ohio Taxable Income above $20,000.
Oklahoma 2002 Yes 5 percent The EITC was targeted for elimination by all major income tax proposals in OK in February 2012. None were successful, and on May 17, Gov. Fallin introduced a counterproposal to reduce income tax and spare the EITC. The legislative session ended May 25 without the passage of any of these proposals. In 2013, the legislature passed a bill to reduce the state income tax but did not change the EITC.
Oregon 1997 Yes 8 percent Oregon’s EITC was scheduled to sunset in 2013. The legislature extended it for another 6 years and expanded it from 6 % to 8%.
Rhode Island 1986 Partially 25 percent During the 2006 legislative session, the Rhode Island Legislature successfully expanded the state’s refundable portion of the EITC from 10 percent to 15 percent of the state credit.
Vermont 1988 Yes 32 percent In 2013 the governor proposed reducing the credit by two-thirds and use the resources to fund child care, but the legislature rejected the proposal.
Virginia 2004 No 20 percent On February 7, 2012, Gov. Bob McDonnell signed into law HB 1153 and SB 462, conforming the state EITC to the federal EITC enhancements for both tax years 2011 and 2012.
Washington 2008 (but not yet implemented) Yes Scheduled to be 10 percent or $50 (whichever is greater) in 2012. Washington is the first and only state without an income tax to have an EITC, called the Washington Working Families Credit. It has not yet been funded or implemented.
Wisconsin 1989 Yes One child – 4 percent
Two children – 11 percent
Three children – 34 percent
In June 2011, the total size of the EITC was cut to $56.2 million. Prior to this reduction, families with two children were able to claim 14 percent of the EITC, and families with three or more children to claim 43 percent.
*On March 30, 2011, the Arkansas governor signed into law HB 1056, which creates a credit for Heads of Households with two or more dependents, exempting all families below the poverty line from paying state income taxes. The state still does not have an official EITC.